E-ISSN: 2791-8823
Is the Anatomical Type of the Arcus Aorta an Effective Factor for the Success of Endovascular Therapy? [Cam Sakura Med J]
Cam Sakura Med J. 2021; 1(2): 69-74 | DOI: 10.4274/csmedj.galenos.2021.2021-11-4

Is the Anatomical Type of the Arcus Aorta an Effective Factor for the Success of Endovascular Therapy?

Murat abalar1, Nihat engeze2, Alper Eren3, Yusuf nan4, Semih Giray4
1University of Health Sciences Turkey, Baakehir am and Sakura City Hospital, Clinic of Neurology, stanbul, Turkey
2Sleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Department of Neurology, Isparta, Turkey
3Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Department of Neurology, Erzurum, Turkey
4Gaziantep University ahinbey Research and Practice Hospital, Clinic of Neurology, Gaziantep, Turkey

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the aortic arch structure classification and the success of endovascular reperfusion therapy in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Material and Methods: Between January 2018 and December 2018, 207 patients, who were brought to the Stroke Center of Gaziantep University, ahinbey Research and Practice Hospital due to AIS and who underwent endovascular therapy, were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic features of patients, aortic arch classification, and modified-thrombolysis-in-cerebral-infarction (mTICI) scores used for reperfusion in endovascular therapy were evaluated. Findings were statistically analyzed (p<0.05).
Results: A total of 207 patients underwent endovascular procedures with the mean age was 64.413 years, wherein 69 (33.3%) had type 1 aortic arch, 99 (47.8%) had type 2 aortic arch, and 39 (18.8%) patients had type 3 aortic arch, whereas 47 (22.7%) patients had a bovine arch. TICI 2b and above recanalization were achieved in 188 (90.8%) patients after endovascular therapy. At the end of the third month, good clinical outcomes were observed as modified Rankin scale of 0-2 in 78 (37.7%) patients, whereas 61 (29.5%) patients had mortality. The prognosis was worse in patients with type 3 aortic arch structure (p=0.016). Conclusion: Our study revealed that complex aortic arch structure had no negative effect on the success of endovascular therapy. However, the prognosis was poor at the end of the third month in patients with complex aortic arch structures.

Keywords: Aortic arch, endovascular therapy, mechanical thrombectomy, mRS, mTICI

Murat abalar, Nihat engeze, Alper Eren, Yusuf nan, Semih Giray. Is the Anatomical Type of the Arcus Aorta an Effective Factor for the Success of Endovascular Therapy?. Cam Sakura Med J. 2021; 1(2): 69-74

Corresponding Author: Murat abalar, Trkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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